Sapporo Eikaiwa AGREATDREAM, Language School

Notice: This school will be closed from October 27th (Thu) to November 10th (Thu) for remodeling.
Please email us if you have any question or telephone us after November 11th (Fri). Thank you.

Tricky English Words




Believing in or based on the principle that everyone is equal and deserves equal rights and opportunities.

“a fairer, more egalitarian society”



Speak or act in an evasive way

“He seemed to prevaricate when journalists asked pointed questions.”

“They prevaricate around the bush using this language.”


Outstandingly bad; shocking; (archaic) remarkably good

“Sometimes a really bad speller will have made so many errors, or such egregious errors, that the reader has a problem reading what was written.”



Sign or give formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid

Both countries were due to ratify the treaty by the end of the year.

“They could ratify the Rome Statute that governs the ICC and invite the ICC to investigate war crimes on its territory.”

proclivity / proclivities

A tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing

“They have a proclivity for hard work.”
“In a way that you’d have to back in history and find when groups of people neither defined by their economic status or ethnic proclivities have been targeted.”
“Their sexual proclivities are none of your business.”


A person of integrity and honor.

“I’m glad your landlord is a mensch.”


Work or activity that is wasteful or pointless but gives the appearance of having value

“Should we call this a boondoggle?”

concretion = A rounded mass of mineral matter occurring in sandstone, clay, etc…


“They also think the concretions (spherical bumps distributed across rock face) were formed in the presence of water.”

austerity = Sternness or severity of manner or attitude


“The Greek public cannot endure much more austerity and the German public cannot endure any more bailouts.”

hegemony = Leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group over others.


“The cultural hegemony of English in the world vs. simple linguistic diversity…”

“Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871.”

refectory = A room used for communal meals, esp. in an educational or religious institution.


“Students use their new card to purchase drinks at the Refectory

supercavitating = The use of cavitation effects to create a large bubble of gas inside a liquid, allowing an object to travel at great speed through the liquid by being wholly enveloped by the bubble.


It’s powered by high-performance jet engines and has “supercavitating technology,” which refers to the use of air bubbles to reduce hull friction to enable faster, more efficient cruising.

plebeian = The plebeians were the lower class. Nicknamed “plebs”, the plebeians included everyone in ancient Rome (except for the nobility, the patricians) from well-to-do tradesmen all the way down to the very poor.


My plebeian concern is that I hate the grip on the right hand side of the camera and I hate that there is no built-in flash.

subterfuge = Deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal


A resultant gap forms in the beam, which leaves a small window for subterfuge.

convoluted = Extremely complex and difficult to follow


X10 EXR is a convoluted mess.

  • 複雑な

proponent = A person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project


There are a lot of proponents of this theory.

Dairy legislation criticized, proponents push back

  • 提案者、提議者、主唱者、発議者、申立当事者
  • 支持者、賛成者、弁護者、擁護者

advocate = publicly recommend or support

  • 擁護者、支持者、提唱者、賛同者、唱道者、ちょうちん持ち
    ・The children’s rights advocate says the labor pact will not stop illegal child labor. : その子どもの人権擁護団体は、その労働協定では子どもの不法労働を阻止できないだろうと言っている。
  • 仲裁者、調停者
  • 弁護士

erinaceous = Like a hedgehog

  • ハリネズミの

lamprophony = Loudness and clarity of voice

  • 声が大きくてよく響くこと、声の明瞭性
  • 明瞭な声、通りのよい声、響きのよい声

depone = To testify under oath

  • 宣誓の上証言する

finnimbrun = A trinket or knick-knack

floccinaucinihilipilification = Estimation that something is valueless. Proper pronunciation based on Latin roots: flockə-nowsə-nəkələ-pələ-fək-ation.

inaniloquent = Pertaining to idle talk

limerance = An attempt at a scientific study into the nature of romantic love.

mesonoxian = Pertaining to midnight

mungo = A dumpster diver – one who extracts valuable things from trash

nihilarian = A person who deals with things lacking importance (pronounce the ‘h’ like a ‘k’).

nudiustertian = The day before yesterday

phenakism = Deception or trickery

pronk = A weak or foolish person

pulveratricious = Covered with dust

rastaquouere = A social climber

scopperloit = Rude or rough play

selcouth = Unfamiliar, rare, strange, marvelous, wonderful. For example: The List Universe is such a selcouth website!

tyrotoxism = To be poisoned by cheese

widdiful = Someone who deserves to be hanged

zabernism = The abuse of military power or authority. I wonder how long it will take for this one to show up in the comments.

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