Sapporo Eikaiwa AGREATDREAM, Language School

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Tricky English Words

Tricky English Words


Word List of Tricky English Words

Tricky English words like pulveratricious, hegemony and floccinaucinihilipilification


egalitarian
e·ga·li·ta·ri·an

ɪˌɡalɪˈtɛːrɪən

adjective

Believing in or based on the principle that everyone is equal and deserves equal rights and opportunities.

“a fairer, more egalitarian society”


prevaricate
pre·va·ri·cate

prɪˈvarɪkeɪt

verb

Speak or act in an evasive way

“He seemed to prevaricate when journalists asked pointed questions.”

“They prevaricate around the bush using this language.”


egregious

ɪˈɡriːdʒəs

Outstandingly bad; shocking; (archaic) remarkably good

“Sometimes a really bad speller will have made so many errors, or such egregious errors, that the reader has a problem reading what was written.”


ratify
ra·ti·fy

verb

Sign or give formal consent to a treaty, contract, or agreement, making it officially valid

Both countries were due to ratify the treaty by the end of the year.

“They could ratify the Rome Statute that governs the ICC and invite the ICC to investigate war crimes on its territory.”


proclivity / proclivities
pro·cli·vi·ties

A tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition towards a particular thing

“They have a proclivity for hard work.”
“In a way that you’d have to back in history and find when groups of people neither defined by their economic status or ethnic proclivities have been targeted.”
“Their sexual proclivities are none of your business.”

mensch

A person of integrity and honor.

“I’m glad your landlord is a mensch.”


boondoggle
boon·dog·gle

Work or activity that is wasteful or pointless but gives the appearance of having value

“Should we call this a boondoggle?”


concretion

A rounded mass of mineral matter occurring in sandstone, clay, etc…

con·cre·tion

“They also think the concretions (spherical bumps distributed across rock face) were formed in the presence of water.”


austerity

Sternness or severity of manner or attitude

aus·ter·i·ty

“The Greek public cannot endure much more austerity and the German public cannot endure any more bailouts.”


hegemony

Leadership or dominance, esp. by one country or social group over others.

he·gem·o·ny

“The cultural hegemony of English in the world vs. simple linguistic diversity…”

“Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871.”


refectory

A room used for communal meals, esp. in an educational or religious institution.

re·fec·to·ry

“Students use their new card to purchase drinks at the Refectory


supercavitating

The use of cavitation effects to create a large bubble of gas inside a liquid, allowing an object to travel at great speed through the liquid by being wholly enveloped by the bubble.

su·per·cav·i·ta·tion

It’s powered by high-performance jet engines and has “supercavitating technology,” which refers to the use of air bubbles to reduce hull friction to enable faster, more efficient cruising.


plebeian 

The plebeians were the lower class. Nicknamed “plebs”, the plebeians included everyone in ancient Rome (except for the nobility, the patricians) from well-to-do tradesmen all the way down to the very poor.

ple·be·ian

My plebeian concern is that I hate the grip on the right hand side of the camera and I hate that there is no built-in flash.

“As a personal finance columnist for Vogue magazine in the early 1970s, I couldn’t write about plebeian things like buying your first home.” (Scott Burns, December 10th, 2016)


subterfuge 

Deceit used in order to achieve one’s goal

sub·ter·fuge

A resultant gap forms in the beam, which leaves a small window for subterfuge.


convoluted

Extremely complex and difficult to follow

con·vo·lut·ed

X10 EXR is a convoluted mess.

  • 複雑な

proponent

A person who advocates a theory, proposal, or project

pro・po・nent

There are a lot of proponents of this theory.

Dairy legislation criticized, proponents push back

  • 提案者、提議者、主唱者、発議者、申立当事者
  • 支持者、賛成者、弁護者、擁護者

advocate

publicly recommend or support

  • 擁護者、支持者、提唱者、賛同者、唱道者、ちょうちん持ち
    ・The children’s rights advocate says the labor pact will not stop illegal child labor. : その子どもの人権擁護団体は、その労働協定では子どもの不法労働を阻止できないだろうと言っている。
  • 仲裁者、調停者
  • 弁護士

erinaceous

Like a hedgehog

  • ハリネズミの

lamprophony

Loudness and clarity of voice

  • 声が大きくてよく響くこと、声の明瞭性
  • 明瞭な声、通りのよい声、響きのよい声

depone

To testify under oath

  • 宣誓の上証言する

finnimbrun

A trinket or knick-knack


floccinaucinihilipilification

Estimation that something is valueless. Proper pronunciation based on Latin roots: flockə-nowsə-nəkələ-pələ-fək-ation.


inaniloquent

Pertaining to idle talk


limerance

An attempt at a scientific study into the nature of romantic love.


mesonoxian

Pertaining to midnight


mungo

A dumpster diver – one who extracts valuable things from trash


nihilarian

A person who deals with things lacking importance (pronounce the ‘h’ like a ‘k’).


nudiustertian

The day before yesterday


phenakism

Deception or trickery


pronk

A weak or foolish person


pulveratricious

Covered with dust


rastaquouere

A social climber


scopperloit

Rude or rough play


selcouth

Unfamiliar, rare, strange, marvelous, wonderful. For example: The List Universe is such a selcouth website!


tyrotoxism

To be poisoned by cheese


widdiful

Someone who deserves to be hanged

This word originated from the northern English and Scottish word widdy or widdie, local forms of the standard English withy. Meaning a flexible branch from a tree such as willow used to make baskets, and to tie or fasten things together.


zabernism 

Zabernism is a noun meaning to abuse/misuse military power or authority. It was a form of bullying (from the German name for Saverne, a town in Alsace). It originated from an incident in 1912 involving a soldier who killed a cobbler for smiling at him.


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