文法 ～の短縮[縮約]形 一覧
|I 私||I’m I am||I’ll I will||I’d I would||I’ve I have||I’d I had|
|you あなた||you’re you are||you’ll you will||you’d you would||you’ve you have||you’d you had|
|he 彼||he’s he is||he’ll he will||he’d he would||he’s he has||he’d he had|
|she 彼女||she’s she is||she’ll she will||she’d she would||she’s she has||she’d she had|
|it これ||it’s (or ’tis) it is||it’ll it will||it’d it would||it’s it has||it’d it had|
|we 私たち||we’re we are||we’ll we will||we’d we would||we’ve we have||we’d we had|
|they 彼ら||they’re they are||they’ll they will||they’d they would||they’ve they have||they’d they had|
|that あの||that’s that is||that’ll that will||that’d that would||that’s that has||that’d that had|
|who 誰||who’s who is||who’ll who will||who’d who would||who’s who has||who’d who had|
|what 何||what’s/what’re what is/what are||what’ll what will||what’d what would||what’s what has||what’d what had|
|where どこ||where’s where is||where’ll where will||where’d where would||where’s where has||where’d where had|
|when いつ||when’s when is||when’ll when will||when’d when would||when’s when has||when’d when had|
|why なぜ||why’s why is||why’ll why will||why’d why would||why’s why has||why’d why had|
|how どう||how’s how is||how’ll how will||how’d how would||how’s how has||how’d how had|
ダブル短縮 | DOUBLE CONTRACTIONS
she would have
If I paid, she would have gone to the party.
it is not
トリプル短縮 | TRIPLE CONTRACTIONS
I would have not
it would not have
it would not have
you all would have
you would not have
WORDS (negating a verb)
|短縮 | CONTRACTION|
Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and as such it’s sometimes unsuitable for formal writing. In everyday writing and in speaking, it’s ubiquitous:
I can’t go out until I proofread my essay.
Mike can’t believe what’s happening in front of his eyes.
Cannot is better in formal writing:
I cannot wait until Saturday to see the movie.
We cannot allow these people to get in the way.
Don’t use can not when you mean cannot. The only time you’re likely to see can not written as separate words is when the word “can” happens to precede some other phrase that happens to start with “not”:
We can not only break even, but also turn a profit.
The company’s new product can not only reduce emissions, but also trap some of the existing greenhouse gasses.
Here is a quick summary:
- Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and it is best suited for informal writing.
- In formal writing and where contractions are frowned upon, use cannot.
- It is possible to write can not, but you generally find it only as part of some other construction, such as “not only . . . but also.”
The 30-year-old now says she’s recovering, but there are still days when she can’t drag herself out of bed for her part-time job at a university. Bloomberg
Jose Mourinho has warned Anthony Martial he cannot keep wasting opportunities given the intense competition in his position after the struggling Manchester United forward was dropped from the squad against Feyenoord. The Daily Telegraph
Even commit to change publicly to encourage accountability. In this way, apologizing can not only repair a relationship, but it can also become a powerful catalyst for your own personal growth. Harvard Business Review
Cannot and its related forms aren’t the only words in the English language that give you a choice of spelling. Axe is another one of them, as are minuscule and flyer.
WORDS (woulda, shoulda, coulda)
Words (odd ones) + Contractions
of the clock