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文法 短縮[縮約]形リスト | List of Contractions

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文法 ~の短縮[縮約]形 一覧

BEの 短縮形

WILLの 短縮形

WOULDの 短縮形

HAVEの 短縮形

HADの 短縮形

I 私 I’m I am I’ll I will I’d I would I’ve I have I’d I had
you あなた you’re you are you’ll you will you’d you would you’ve you have you’d you had
he 彼 he’s he is he’ll he will he’d he would he’s he has he’d he had
she 彼女 she’s she is she’ll she will she’d she would she’s she has she’d she had
it これ it’s (or ’tis) it is it’ll it will it’d it would it’s it has it’d it had
we 私たち we’re we are we’ll we will we’d we would we’ve we have we’d we had
they 彼ら they’re they are they’ll they will they’d they would they’ve they have they’d they had
that あの that’s that is that’ll that will that’d that would that’s that has that’d that had
who 誰 who’s who is who’ll who will who’d who would who’s who has who’d who had
what 何 what’s/what’re what is/what are what’ll what will what’d what would what’s what has what’d what had
where どこ where’s where is where’ll where will where’d where would where’s where has where’d where had
when いつ when’s when is when’ll when will when’d when would when’s when has when’d when had
why なぜ why’s why is why’ll why will why’d why would why’s why has why’d why had
how どう how’s how is how’ll how will how’d how would how’s how has how’d how had

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ダブル短縮 | DOUBLE CONTRACTIONS

she’d’ve (colloquial)
日常会話の中で使う

she would have
If I paid, she would have gone to the party.
私が払ったら、彼女はパーティーに行っただろう。

’tisn’t (archaic)
この形はもう使わない

it is not
~じゃない

ダブル短縮をもっと見るRead more about double contractions

トリプル短縮 | TRIPLE CONTRACTIONS

I’d’ven’t (colloquial)
I would have not

‘twouldn’t’ve (colloquial)
it would not have

it’dn’t’ve
it would not have

y’all’d’ve
you all would have

you’dn’t’ve
you would not have

 

WORDS (negating a verb)

短縮 | CONTRACTION
is not isn’t
are not aren’t
was not wasn’t
were not weren’t
have not haven’t
has not hasn’t
had not hadn’t
will not won’t
would not wouldn’t
do not don’t
does not doesn’t
did not didn’t
cannot can’t
could not couldn’t
should not shouldn’t
might not mightn’t
must not mustn’t

Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and as such it’s sometimes unsuitable for formal writing. In everyday writing and in speaking, it’s ubiquitous:

I can’t go out until I proofread my essay.

Mike can’t believe what’s happening in front of his eyes.

Cannot is better in formal writing:

I cannot wait until Saturday to see the movie.

We cannot allow these people to get in the way.

Don’t use can not when you mean cannot. The only time you’re likely to see can not written as separate words is when the word “can” happens to precede some other phrase that happens to start with “not”:

We can not only break even, but also turn a profit.

The company’s new product can not only reduce emissions, but also trap some of the existing greenhouse gasses.

Here is a quick summary:

  • Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and it is best suited for informal writing.
  • In formal writing and where contractions are frowned upon, use cannot.
  • It is possible to write can not, but you generally find it only as part of some other construction, such as “not only . . . but also.”

Examples

The 30-year-old now says she’s recovering, but there are still days when she can’t drag herself out of bed for her part-time job at a university. Bloomberg

Jose Mourinho has warned Anthony Martial he cannot keep wasting opportunities given the intense competition in his position after the struggling Manchester United forward was dropped from the squad against Feyenoord. The Daily Telegraph

Even commit to change publicly to encourage accountability. In this way, apologizing can not only repair a relationship, but it can also become a powerful catalyst for your own personal growth. Harvard Business Review

Cannot and its related forms aren’t the only words in the English language that give you a choice of spelling. Axe is another one of them, as are minuscule and flyer.

WORDS (woulda, shoulda, coulda)

CONTRACTION
would have would’ve
should have should’ve
could have could’ve
might have might’ve
must have must’ve
 

Words (odd ones) + Contractions

o’
of

o’clock
of the clock

ma’am
madam

ne’er-do-well
never-do-well

cat-o’-nine-tails
cat-of-nine-tails

jack-o’-lantern
ジャック・オー・ランタン

jack-of-the-lantern
ランタンのジャックさん

will-o’-the-wisp
will-of-the-wisp

’twas (archaic)
it was


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