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文法 短縮[縮約]形リスト | List of Contractions

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文法 ~の短縮[縮約]形 一覧

BEの
短縮形

WILLの
短縮形

WOULDの
短縮形

HAVEの
短縮形

HADの
短縮形

I
I’m
I am
I’ll
I will
I’d
I would
I’ve
I have
I’d
I had
you
あなた
you’re
you are
you’ll
you will
you’d
you would
you’ve
you have
you’d
you had
he
he’s
he is
he’ll
he will
he’d
he would
he’s
he has
he’d
he had
she
彼女
she’s
she is
she’ll
she will
she’d
she would
she’s
she has
she’d
she had
it
これ
it’s (or ’tis)
it is
it’ll
it will
it’d
it would
it’s
it has
it’d
it had
we
私たち
we’re
we are
we’ll
we will
we’d
we would
we’ve
we have
we’d
we had
they
彼ら
they’re
they are
they’ll
they will
they’d
they would
they’ve
they have
they’d
they had
that
あの
that’s
that is
that’ll
that will
that’d
that would
that’s
that has
that’d
that had
who
who’s
who is
who’ll
who will
who’d
who would
who’s
who has
who’d
who had
what
what’s/what’re
what is/what are
what’ll
what will
what’d
what would
what’s
what has
what’d
what had
where
どこ
where’s
where is
where’ll
where will
where’d
where would
where’s
where has
where’d
where had
when
いつ
when’s
when is
when’ll
when will
when’d
when would
when’s
when has
when’d
when had
why
なぜ
why’s
why is
why’ll
why will
why’d
why would
why’s
why has
why’d
why had
how
どう
how’s
how is
how’ll
how will
how’d
how would
how’s
how has
how’d
how had

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ダブル短縮 | DOUBLE CONTRACTIONS

she’d’ve (colloquial)
日常会話の中で使う

she would have
If I paid, she would have gone to the party.
私が払ったら、彼女はパーティーに行っただろう。

’tisn’t (archaic)
この形はもう使わない

it is not
~じゃない

ダブル短縮をもっと見る
Read more about double contractions

トリプル短縮 | TRIPLE CONTRACTIONS

I’d’ven’t (colloquial)
I would have not

‘twouldn’t’ve (colloquial)
it would not have

it’dn’t’ve
it would not have

y’all’d’ve
you all would have

you’dn’t’ve
you would not have

 

WORDS (negating a verb)

短縮 | CONTRACTION
is not isn’t
are not aren’t
was not wasn’t
were not weren’t
have not haven’t
has not hasn’t
had not hadn’t
will not won’t
would not wouldn’t
do not don’t
does not doesn’t
did not didn’t
cannot can’t
could not couldn’t
should not shouldn’t
might not mightn’t
must not mustn’t

Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and as such it’s sometimes unsuitable for formal writing. In everyday writing and in speaking, it’s ubiquitous:

I can’t go out until I proofread my essay.
Mike can’t believe what’s happening in front of his eyes.

Cannot is better in formal writing:

I cannot wait until Saturday to see the movie.
We cannot allow these people to get in the way.

Don’t use can not when you mean cannot. The only time you’re likely to see can not written as separate words is when the word “can” happens to precede some other phrase that happens to start with “not”:

We can not only break even, but also turn a profit.
The company’s new product can not only reduce emissions, but also trap some of the existing greenhouse gasses.

Here is a quick summary:

  • Can’t is a contraction of cannot, and it is best suited for informal writing.
  • In formal writing and where contractions are frowned upon, use cannot.
  • It is possible to write can not, but you generally find it only as part of some other construction, such as “not only . . . but also.”

Examples

The 30-year-old now says she’s recovering, but there are still days when she can’t drag herself out of bed for her part-time job at a university.
Jose Mourinho has warned Anthony Martial he cannot keep wasting opportunities given the intense competition in his position after the struggling Manchester United forward was dropped from the squad against Feyenoord.
Even commit to change publicly to encourage accountability. In this way, apologizing can not only repair a relationship, but it can also become a powerful catalyst for your own personal growth.

Cannot and its related forms aren’t the only words in the English language that give you a choice of spelling. Axe is another one of them, as are minuscule and flyer.

WORDS (woulda, shoulda, coulda)

CONTRACTION
would have would’ve
should have should’ve
could have could’ve
might have might’ve
must have must’ve

 

Words (odd ones) + Contractions

o’
of

o’clock
of the clock

ma’am
madam

ne’er-do-well
never-do-well

cat-o’-nine-tails
cat-of-nine-tails

jack-o’-lantern
ジャック・オー・ランタン

jack-of-the-lantern
ランタンのジャックさん

will-o’-the-wisp
will-of-the-wisp

’twas (archaic)
it was


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