英文法 不可算名詞（Uncountable Nouns）
(2) 一般的には冠詞を付けず、特定する事由があれば、定冠詞 the を付ける（詳しくは、英文法インデックス 定冠詞 を参照）
(3) one、two … と数えることができず、質問するときには、 How many … ? ではなく、 How much … ? の形をとる
２. 不可算名詞には little、less、least と much を使います。可算名詞に付ける few、fewer、fewest やmany は使いません。
× He had
few choice but to make a deal.→ ○ He had little choice but to make a deal.
× There is not
many time left.→ ○ There is not much time left.
- They had difficulty in finding
anaccommodation in Sapporo near the station.
- A fair amount of money goes on
anadvertising and sales promotion.
- I want
anadvice on how to manage the proposed redevelopment project.
- Glen Rowell was asked for
anadvice after one of the lectures at Hokudai.
- The explosion at the plant caused
adamage estimated at 770 million yen.
- He’s trying to find
anemployment in Okinawa.
- We spend 250 million yen a year on
- Please send me
aninformation about vacations in Italy.
- You’d better take out
aninsurance against fire and earthquakes.
- Most farm workers are assisted by
amachinery in Japan.
- The call box was filled with signs and
- I have been making
amoney month after month. ANews, especially good news, travels fast.
- The wine bottle was labeled “
AProduce of France”.
- The teacher made
aprogress in education.
- We’re carrying out
aresearch to find a medicine to cure diabetes.
- I tend to play for
- There was
ascope for improvement in our work.
- He is without
atransport because the company car is being repaired.
- It was
avery hard work completing the project in two weeks.
（Uncountable Nouns・Non-count Nouns）
Uncountable nouns (non-count nouns) are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”/”litres of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns:
- music, art, love, happiness
- advice, information, news
- furniture, luggage
- rice, sugar, butter, water
- electricity, gas, power
- money, currency
We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example:
- This news is very important.
- Your luggage looks heavy.
We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We cannot say “an information” or “a music”. But we can say a something of:
- a piece of news
- a bottle of water
- a grain of rice
We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:
- I’ve got some money.
- Have you got any rice?
We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns:
- I’ve got a little money.
- I haven’t got much rice.
不可算名詞リスト（Uncountable Nouns List）
advice, air, alcohol, anger, art, baggage, beef, blood, butter, cash, chaos, cheese, chewing gum, clothing, coffee, conduct, confusion, cotton, courage, damage, education, electricity, entertainment, equipment, experience, fiction, flour, food, forgiveness, fresh air, furniture, gold, gossip, grass, ground, happiness, heat, history, homework, honey, hope, hospitality, ice, importance, information, jewelry, justice, knowledge, laughter, leisure, lightning, literature, love, luck, luggage, machinery, mail, meat, melancholy, milk, mist, money, music, news, noise, oil, oxygen, paper, patience, pay, peace, pepper, petrol, plastic, pork, power, pressure, progress, rain, recognition, research, rice, sadness, safety, salt, sand, scenery, shopping, silver, snow, soap, softness, space, speed, steam, sugar, sunshine, tea, tennis, thunder, time, toothpaste, traffic, vinegar, violence, warmth, washing up, water, weather, wind, wine, wood, wool, work…
“2 coffees please.” really means “2 cups of coffee please.” Here we are counting the cups, not the coffee in the cups.
Vertical List of Uncountable Nouns