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Verbs describe the way someone or something does something.

They describe an action, like the words eat, sleep, love, and study.

They are actions, words that involve motion or physical activity.

How to Use Verbs + Verb List

Example List(動詞リスト)

Verbs beginning with the letter A

accept
add
admire
admit
advise
afford
agree
alert
allow
amuse
analyse
announce
annoy
answer
apologise
appear
applaud
appreciate
approve
argue
arrange
arrest
arrive
ask
attach
attack
attempt
attend
attract
avoid

Beginning with the letter B

back
bake
balance
ban
bang
bare
bat
bathe
battle
beam
beg
behave
belong
bleach
bless
blind
blink
blot
blush
boast
boil
bolt
bomb
book
bore
borrow
bounce
bow
box
brake
branch
breathe
bruise
brush
bubble
bump
burn
bury
buzz

Verbs beginning  with the letter C

calculate
call
camp
care
carry
carve
cause
challenge
change
charge
chase
cheat
check
cheer
chew
choke
chop
claim
clap
clean
clear
clip
close
coach
coil
collect
colour
comb
command
communicate
compare
compete
complain
complete
concentrate
concern
confess
confuse
connect
consider
consist
contain
continue
copy
correct
cough
count
cover
crack
crash
crawl
cross
crush
cry
cure
curl
curve
cycle

Verbs beginning with the letter D

dam
damage
dance
dare
decay
deceive
decide
decorate
delay
delight
deliver
depend
describe
desert
deserve
destroy
detect
develop
disagree
disappear
disapprove
disarm
discover
dislike
divide
double
doubt
drag
drain
dream
dress
drip
drop
drown
drum
dry
dust

Beginning with the letter E

earn
educate
embarrass
employ
empty
encourage
end
enjoy
enter
entertain
escape
examine
excite
excuse
exercise
exist
expand
expect
explain
explode
extend

Verbs beginning with the letter F

face
fade
fail
fancy
fasten
fax
fear
fence
fetch
file
fill
film
fire
fit
fix
flap
flash
float
flood
flow
flower
fold
follow
fool
force
form
found
frame
frighten
fry

Verbs beginning with the letter G

gather
gaze
glow
glue
grab
grate
grease
greet
grin
grip
groan
guarantee
guard
guess
guide

Beginning with the letter H

hammer
hand
handle
hang
happen
harass
harm
hate
haunt
head
heal
heap
heat
help
hook
hop
hope
hover
hug
hum
hunt
hurry

Verbs beginning with the letter I

identify
ignore
imagine
impress
improve
include
increase
influence
inform
inject
injure
instruct
intend
interest
interfere
interrupt
introduce
invent
invite
irritate
itch

Verbs beginning with the letter J

jail
jam
jog
join
joke
judge
juggle
jump

Verbs beginning with the letter K

kick
kill
kiss
kneel
knit
knock
knot

Beginning with the letter L

label
land
last
laugh
launch
learn
level
license
lick
lie
lighten
like
list
listen
live
load
lock
long
look
love

Verbs beginning with the letter M

man
manage
march
mark
marry
match
mate
matter
measure
meddle
melt
memorise
mend
mess up
milk
mine
miss
mix
moan
moor
mourn
move
muddle
mug
multiply
murder

Verbs beginning with the letter N

nail
name
need
nest
nod
note
notice
number

Verbs beginning with the letter O

obey
object
observe
obtain
occur
offend
offer
open
order
overflow
owe
own

Beginning with the letter P

pack
paddle
paint
park
part
pass
paste
pat
pause
peck
pedal
peel
peep
perform
permit
phone
pick
pinch
pine
place
plan
plant
play
please
plug
point
poke
polish
pop
possess
post
pour
practise
pray
preach
precede
prefer
prepare
present
preserve
press
pretend
prevent
prick
print
produce
program
promise
protect
provide
pull
pump
punch
puncture
punish
push

Verbs beginning with the letter Q

questionqueue  

Verbs beginning with the letter R

race
radiate
rain
raise
reach
realise
receive
recognise
record
reduce
reflect
refuse
regret
reign
reject
rejoice
relax
release
rely
remain
remember
remind
remove
repair
repeat
replace
reply
report
reproduce
request
rescue
retire
return
rhyme
rinse
risk
rob
rock
roll
rot
rub
ruin
rule
rush

Verbs beginning with the letter S

sack
sail
satisfy
save
saw
scare
scatter
scold
scorch
scrape
scratch
scream
screw
scribble
scrub
seal
search
separate
serve
settle
shade
share
shave
shelter
shiver
shock
shop
shrug
sigh
sign
signal
sin
sip
ski
skip
slap
slip
slow
smash
smell
smile
smoke
snatch
sneeze
sniff
snore
snow
soak
soothe
sound
spare
spark
sparkle
spell
spill
spoil
spot
spray
sprout
squash
squeak
squeal
squeeze
stain
stamp
stare
start
stay
steer
step
stir
stitch
stop
store
strap
strengthen
stretch
strip
stroke
stuff
subtract
succeed
suck
suffer
suggest
suit
supply
support
suppose
surprise
surround
suspect
suspend
switch

Beginning with the letter T

talk
tame
tap
taste
tease
telephone
tempt
terrify
test
thank
thaw
tick
tickle
tie
time
tip
tire
touch
tour
tow
trace
trade
train
transport
trap
travel
treat
tremble
trick
trip
trot
trouble
trust
try
tug
tumble
turn
twist
type

Verbs beginning with the letter U

undress
unfasten
unite
unlock
unpack
untidy
use

Verbs beginning with the letter V

vanishvisitvotevomit

Verbs beginning with the letter W

wail
wait
walk
wander
want
warm
warn
wash
waste
watch
water
wave
weigh
welcome
whine
whip
whirl
whisper
whistle
wink
wipe
wish
wobble
wonder
work
worry
wrap
wreck
wrestle
wriggle

Please wait here.
Walk through the park if you want to get there quicker.

Beginning with the letter X

x-rayxeroxed  

They had to x-ray her arm.

Beginning with the letter Y

yankyawnyell 

You don’t need to yell that loud.

Beginning with the letter Z

zipzoom

Grammar and Examples:

• Mr. Rowell takes a lesson in the morning.

What does Mr. Rowell do?

He takes a lesson.

The action he is doing is “taking” a lesson.

So the action is denoted by the word “takes”. In that case that word “takes” is the verb.

• The university hired him.
Here, the word “hired” is the verb.

• His boss refused to support him at critical moments.
Here, the word “refused” is the verb.

• The students write their papers in the Sapporo City Hall.
Here, the word “write” is the verb. 

The verbs can be classified in different methods.
There are four main types.

1. Transitive verbs.

A transitive verb is the verb which takes an object.

2. Intransitive verbs.

An intransitive verb is a verb which does not take an object.

3. Auxiliary verbs:

A verb which helps another verb to form its tense, voice or mood is called an Auxiliary verb.

4. Modal verbs:

The following verbs are called Modal verbs:

Shall, should, will, would, may, might, can, could, must, ought and dare are called modal verbs. 

Let us see them individually. 

1. Transitive verbs:

Examples: 

• Mr. Rowell takes a lesson in the morning.

By this sentence, Mr. Rowell takes a lesson.

Here…

The word “Mr. Rowell” is the noun.

The word “a lesson” is the object.

The word “takes” is the verb.

Only when all the three words are there, the whole sentence becomes complete and meaningful.

In case the object word is not there, the sentence “Mr. Rowell takes” conveys no meaning and the sentence is not complete. In that case “What does Mr. Rowell take?” it is not clear.

So only when the verb “takes” gets an object, the meaning behind the verb “takes” becomes complete.

That means the verb “takes” needs an object to make itself complete.

Such a verb which needs an object is called transitive verb.

That means the action of the verb is transmitted to another noun or another thing.

• They brought the party two days back.

Here the verb “brought” (bring) needs an object to become meaningful.

What was brought?

The party was brought back by them.

So the verb “bring” (brought) is a transitive verb.

Examples

• My mother has written a book which may interest you. 
• We are crossing the lake by a ferry. 
• The girl is reading Japanese kanji clearly. 
• An uncivilized person killed the Mayor. 
• She created this design for our proposed-shop. 
• My friend gave me paper before I entered the exam-room. 
• They sold their properties. 

In all the seven sentences given above, the respective verbs 

“write”, “cross”, “read”, “kill”, “create”,“give” and “sold” 

need their respective objects to make the sentences meaningful. 

So, all these verbs are transitive verbs. 

Few other “transitive verbs” are: build, carry, begin, bear, 

eat, choose, eat, find, forget, feed, drink, deal, cling, give, 

grind, have, hold, make, ride, lend, know, learn, win, steal, 

weave, shut, and spread. 

2. Intransitive verbs.

As stated above, an intransitive verb is the verb that does not take an object.

Examples:

• The river is winding through the forest. 
Here the verb “winding” (wind) is an intransitive verb.

• I wake up at 6 am daily.
Here the verb “wake” does not need an object for completing itself.
So the verb “wake” is an intransitive verb.

• The jar fell down.
The verb “fell” (fall) is an intransitive verb. 

• She laughed loudly.
In this sentence, the verb “laughed” does not need an object to complete the sentence.
So the verb “laugh” is an intransitive verb. 

• They are sitting on their chairs over there. 
The verb “sitting” (sit) is an intransitive verb.

Few verbs like go, fall, die, and sleep, are exclusively intransitive.

Few more “intransitive verbs” are: swim, stand, sit, sink, smite, shine, run, rise, lie, leave, kneel, and grow.

Note: Many transitive verbs can be used as intransitive verbs as well.

Examples:

a.
They fought their enemies. (Transitive verb). 
They fought fiercely. (Intransitive verb). 

b.
He spoke the truth. (Transitive verb). 
He spoke to me. (Intransitive verb). 

c.
The peon rings the bell. (Transitive verb). 
The bell rings continuously. (Intransitive verb).

d.
He walks. (Transitive verb). 
The hostler walks the horse. (Intransitive verb). 

e.
Birds fly through the air. (Transitive verb). 
The observatory flies balloons to study the weather. (Intransitive verb). 

f.
The glass broke. (Transitive verb). 
The students broke it. (Intransitive verb). 

Another type of verb is called an “auxiliary verb”. 

3. Auxiliary verbs: 

A verb which helps another verb to form its tense, voice or mood is called an auxiliary verb.

Have, be (am, are, was and were) and do are usually used as auxiliary verbs, they can be used as main verbs as well.

Examples:

• I have few urgent tasks. (Main) 
They have done very well in the examinations. (Auxiliary) 

• Aliens are in space. (Main) 
They are liked by all. (Auxiliary) 

• The man does his work quietly. (Main) 
Did he come here? (Main) 

4. Modal verbs: 

The following verbs are called modal verbs. 

Shall, should, will, would, may, might, can, could, must, ought and dare are called modal verbs. 

SHALL: 

When “shall” is used in the second or third person, it has the force of a command, a promise, 

• The man does his work quietly. (Main) 
Did he come here? (Main)

4. Modal verbs: 

The following verbs are called modal verbs. 

Shall, should, will, would, may, might, can, could, must, ought and dare are called modal verbs. 

SHALL:

When “shall” is used in the second or third person, it has the force of a command, a promise, 

a thread, determination, certainty… 

i. You shall not go out anymore without my written permission. 

ii. She shall get my help. 

iii. He shall be punished for his mistake. 

iv. He shall apologize for his behavior. 

v. No man shall take this way. 

WILL:

When “will” is used in the first person, it can express (in addition to the future tense) willingness, 

a promise, a threat, determination… 

i. I will help you. 

ii. I will be at your wedding party. 

iii. I will not allow him to go. 

iv. I will not miss this opportunity. 

MAY:

“May” has the force of possibility and permission. In the past tense “might” is used. 

i. He may come here. 

ii. You may go now. 

iii. I believed that she might be honest. 

CAN:

“Can” has the force of ability and permission. 

i. He can do this job easily. 

ii. She can go there. 

iii. Everyone can do this homework. 

MUST:

“Must” has the force of compulsion, necessity, determination, duty, certainty of belief, inevitability… 

i. Everybody must attend this function. 

ii. I must go urgently. 

iii. I must have full freedom. 

iv. Ministers must be honest. 

v. They must be made to talk like this. 

vi. This building must be demolished in the near future. 

OUGHT: 

“Ought” indicated duty or moral obligation. 

i. You ought to be careful. 

ii. As the secretary, I ought to have attended that meeting. 

This verb “ought” must be followed by “to”. 

DARE: 

“Dare” conveys the force of challenge or the courage to do a thing. 

i. He dare not oppose me. 

ii. The minister dared the opposition to prove the charge. 

NEED: 

“Need” has the force of necessity or obligation.

When the verb “need” is used to mean obligation in the negative or interrogative forms, 

‘s’ is not added to need in the third person singular (present tense). 

i. She need not come here. 

ii. It need not be equipped with a nuclear warhead. 

iii. He need not have worried.