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some-vs-any-grammar

Some vs Any

Some and any are similar in meaning, but they are used differently time to time.

For example, any is used in negative statements, (sentences using the word not). While some is used in positive statements that do not contain the word not.

Let’s look at two incorrect sentences and why are they wrong as an example, also how can we fix them.

✖ That man has any money.

Why it’s wrong:

This is a positive statement. The sentence says that the man does have money. However, any is supposed to be used in negative statements. When you use any in a positive statement, it sounds strange.

Some ways to correct it:

Use some instead: 

The man has some money.

Use an adjective that works in both negative and positive statements instead: 

△ The man has much money. → The man has a lot of money.

Use no adjective at all: 

The man has money.

✖ There are not some trees in this book.

Why it’s wrong:

This statement is negative. It means that the book has no trees in it. Some is supposed to only be used in positive statements.

Some ways to correct it:

Use any instead: 

There are not any trees in this book.

Use an adjective that works in positive or negative statements instead: 

There are not a lot of trees in this book. (The meaning of this sentence is different though.)

Use no adjective at all: 

△ There are not trees in this book. → There are no trees in this book.

Example Sentences Using Some

あなたにいくつか質問して良いですか?
Can l ask you some questions?

水をください。
Can I have some water, please?

彼はいくつかサンプルを私に見せた
He showed me some samples.

コーヒーをいただけますか?
May I have some coffee?

いつかまた会いましょう。
See you again some day.

夕食を取らない人もいた。
Some people didn’t have dinner.

何か飲み物はいかがですか?
Would you like some drinks?

Example Sentences Using Any

コーヒーはありますか?
Do you have any coffee?

何か質問はありますか?
Do you have any questions?

私はこのクラスの誰も知らない。
I don’t know anyone in this class.

いつでも好きな時にここに来ていいですよ。
You can come here any time you like.

どれでも読みたい本を持っていっていいですよ
You can take any books you want to read.



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