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英文法 不可算名詞 Uncountable Nouns

不可算名詞(Uncountable Nouns)

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不可算名詞単語リストを見る・Go to Uncountable Noun List

英文法 不可算名詞(Uncountable Nouns)



1. 不可算名詞を使う場合

(1) 複数という観念がない

(2) 一般的には冠詞を付けず、特定する事由があれば、定冠詞 the を付ける(詳しくは、英文法インデックス 定冠詞 を参照)

(3) one、two … と数えることができず、質問するときには、 How many … ? ではなく、 How much … ? の形をとる


2. 不可算名詞には little、less、least と much を使います。可算名詞に付ける few、fewer、fewest やmany は使いません。

× He had few choice but to make a deal.→ He had little choice but to make a deal.

× There is not many time left.→ There is not much time left.


3. ビジネスの場面などで使われる、主な不可算名詞

  • They had difficulty in finding an accommodation in Sapporo near the station.
  • A fair amount of money goes on an advertising and sales promotion.
  • I want an advice on how to manage the proposed redevelopment project.
  • Glen Rowell was asked for an advice after one of the lectures at Hokudai.
  • The explosion at the plant caused a damage estimated at 770 million yen.
  • He’s trying to find an employment in Okinawa.
  • We spend 250 million yen a year on an equipment.
  • Please send me an information about vacations in Italy.
  • You’d better take out an insurance against fire and earthquakes.
  • Most farm workers are assisted by a machinery in Japan.
  • The call box was filled with signs and a merchandise.
  • I have been making a money month after month.
  • A Newsespecially good news, travels fast.
  • The wine bottle was labeled “A Produce of France”.
  • The teacher mada progress in education.
  • We’re carrying out a research to find a medicine to cure diabetes.
  • I tend to play for a safety.
  • There was a scope for improvement in our work.
  • He is without a transport because the company car is being repaired.
  • It was a very hard work completing the project in two weeks.


不可算名詞
(Uncountable Nouns・Non-count Nouns)


Uncountable nouns (non-count nouns) are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot “count” them. For example, we cannot count “milk”. We can count “bottles of milk” or “liters of milk”/”litres of milk”, but we cannot count “milk” itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns:

  • music, art, love, happiness
  • advice, information, news
  • furniture, luggage
  • rice, sugar, butter, water
  • electricity, gas, power
  • money, currency

We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example:

  • This news is very important.
  • Your luggage looks heavy.

We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We cannot say “an information” or “a music”. But we can say a something of:

  • a piece of news
  • a bottle of water
  • a grain of rice

We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:

  • I’ve got some money.
  • Have you got any rice?

We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns:

  • I’ve got a little money.
  • I haven’t got much rice.

不可算名詞リスト(Uncountable Nouns List)


advice, air, alcohol, anger, art, baggage, beef, blood, butter, cash, chaos, cheese, chewing gum, clothing, coffee, conduct, confusion, cotton, courage, damage, education, electricity, entertainment, equipment, experience, fiction, flour, food, forgiveness, fresh air, furniture, gold, gossip, grass, ground, happiness, heat, history, homework, honey, hope, hospitality, ice, importance, information, jewelry, justice, knowledge, laughter, leisure, lightning, literature, love, luck, luggage, machinery, mail, meat, melancholy, milk, mist, money, music, news, noise, oil, oxygen, paper, patience, pay, peace, pepper, petrol, plastic, pork, power, pressure, progress, rain, recognition, research, rice, sadness, safety, salt, sand, scenery, shopping, silver, snow, soap, softness, space, speed, steam, sugar, sunshine, tea, tennis, thunder, time, toothpaste, traffic, vinegar, violence, warmth, washing up, water, weather, wind, wine, wood, wool, work…

“2 coffees please.” really means “2 cups of coffee please.” Here we are counting the cups, not the coffee in the cups.

grammar-countable-and-uncountable-nouns-2-coffees-2-cups-of-coffee

 


Vertical List of Uncountable Nouns


A
advice
air
alcohol
anger
art
B
baggage
beef
blood
butter
C
cash
chaos
cheese
chewing gum
clothing
coffee
conduct
confusion
cotton
courage
D
damage
E
education
electricity
entertainment
equipment
experience
F
fiction
flour
food
forgiveness
fresh air
furniture
G
gold
gossip
grass
ground
H
happiness
heat
history
homework
honey
hope
hospitality
I
ice
importance
information
J
jam
jewelry
justice
K
knowledge
L
laughter
leisure
lightning
literature
love
luck
luggage
M
machinery
mail
meat
melancholy
milk
mist
money
music
N
news
noise
O
oil
oxygen
P
paper
patience
pay
peace
pepper
petrol
plastic
pork
power
pressure
progress
R
rain
recognition
research
rice
S
sadness
safety
salt
sand
scenery
shopping
silver
snow
soap
softness
space
speed
steam
sugar
sunshine
T
tea
tennis
thunder
time
toothpaste
traffic
V
vinegar
violence
W
warmth
washing up
water
weather
wind
wine
wood
wool
work


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