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英文法:動詞 過去分詞形(Past Participle)

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過去分詞形単語リストを見る

英文法 過去分詞形(Past Participle)

過去分詞はbe+過去分詞で受動態,have+過去分詞で完了形を表します。また動詞の性質をもちながら形容詞・副詞としても働き,副詞で働くときを特に分詞構文と言います。動詞の性質をもっているので,目的語や補語,副詞などとともに句を作ります。

Past participles (過去分詞形:eaten, seen, chosen, stolen, etc) are used in the passive voice (受動態:My bag was stolen!) in English, and for all perfect tense (Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.) forms of a verb .

1. Present perfect
She hasn’t finished her lesson yet.
I still haven’t found my notebook.

2. Past perfect
Mio was happy because she had passed her Eiken exam.
She missed the bus because she hadn’t set her alarm.

3. Future perfect
At the end of the month, I will have been working in this office for ten years.
He will have gone by the time you get here.

4. Conditional perfect
If my apple had not been eaten, I would have used it to make a snack.
I wouldn’t have known, if you hadn’t told me.

5. Passive Voice
The end of the TOEIC test was finished by only half the students.
The language learning software was used to help remember the spelling of words.



Passive Verb Formation


Tense Subject Auxiliary Past
Participle
Singular Plural
Present The lesson/lessons is are finished.
Present perfect The DVD/DVDs has been have been made.
Past The poster/posters was were printed.
Past perfect The book/books had been had been ripped.
Future The test/tests will be will be checked.
Future perfect The form/forms will have been will have been designed.
Present progressive The teacher/teachers is being are being interviewed.
Past progressive The game/games was being were being delivered.

Perfect Tense Formation


I have finished the homework.
You have been to Sapporo.
He has just gone to the bank.
She has already had a break today.
It has been said before.
We have seen this dictionary before.
They have just bought a new house.

For regular verbs, we normally add “ed” to make past participles. Unfortunately for irregular verbs you just need to remember most of them.


 

Participles as adjectives


Past Participles can also be used like an adjective in front of a noun:

The stolen pencil was found by students in the subway station.
My broken plate was taken away by the waiter at the restaurant.
Please bring all of the required documents. Your interview is tomorrow.

 

単語リスト(Word List)


動詞(Verb) → 過去形(Past Simple) 過去分詞形(Past Participle)


A
am was been

arise arose arisen
B
babysit babysat babysat

be were been
beat beat beaten
become became become
bend bent bent
begin began begun
bet bet bet
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
buy bought bought
C
catch caught caught

choose chose chosen
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
D
deal dealt dealt

dig dug dug
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
E
eat ate eaten

F
fall fell fallen

feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
G
get got gotten

give gave given
go went gone
grow grew grown
H
hang* hung hung

have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
I
is was been

K
keep kept kept

know knew known
L
lay laid lain

lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie ** lay lain
light lit lit
lose lost lost
M
make made made

mean meant meant
meet met met
P
pay paid paid

put put put
Q
quit quit quit

R
read *** read read

ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
S
say said said

see saw seen
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
shine shone shone
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
speak spoke spoken
spend spent spent
spin spun spun
spread spread spread
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
strike struck struck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
T
take took taken

teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
U
understand understood understood

W
wake woke woken

wear wore worn
win won won
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
write wrote written


 

クイズ(Quiz)


am → ___________

arise → ___________

babysit → ___________

be → ___________

beat → ___________

become → ___________

bend → ___________

begin → ___________

bet → ___________

bind → ___________

bite → ___________

bleed → ___________

blow → ___________

break → ___________

breed → ___________

bring → ___________

broadcast → ___________

build → ___________

buy → ___________

catch → ___________

choose → ___________

come → ___________

cost → ___________

cut → ___________

deal → ___________

dig → ___________

do → ___________

draw → ___________

drink → ___________

drive → ___________

eat → ___________

fall → ___________

feed → ___________

feel → ___________

fight → ___________

find → ___________

fly → ___________

forbid → ___________

forget → ___________

forgive → ___________

freeze → ___________

get → ___________

give → ___________

go → ___________

grow → ___________

hang → ___________

have → ___________

hear → ___________

hide → ___________

hit → ___________

hold → ___________

hurt → ___________

is → ___________

keep → ___________

know → ___________

lay → ___________

lead → ___________

leave → ___________

lend → ___________

let → ___________

lie → ___________

light → ___________

lose → ___________

make → ___________

mean → ___________

meet → ___________

pay → ___________

put → ___________

quit → ___________

read → ___________

ride → ___________

ring → ___________

rise → ___________

run → ___________

say → ___________

see → ___________

sell → ___________

send → ___________

set → ___________

shake → ___________

shine → ___________

shoot → ___________

show → ___________

shut → ___________

sing → ___________

sink → ___________

sit → ___________

sleep → ___________

slide → ___________

speak → ___________

spend → ___________

spin → ___________

spread → ___________

stand → ___________

steal → ___________

stick → ___________

sting → ___________

strike → ___________

swear → ___________

sweep → ___________

swim → ___________

swing → ___________

take → ___________

teach → ___________

tear → ___________

tell → ___________

think → ___________

throw → ___________

understand → ___________

wake → ___________

wear → ___________

win → ___________

withdraw → ___________

write → ___________


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